When the Forest County Potawatomi tribe acquired land in the Menomonee Valley and on the Near West Side in 1990, both properties were in disrepair and in need of revitalization.
Almost 30 years later, the tribe has reaped millions from its casino in what was once an industrial valley. And it has invested more than $50 million in redeveloping the former Concordia College campus, said Wendy Artman, a spokeswoman for Greenfire Management Services, a construction management firm created by the tribe.
"We’re catalytic in what we do and that’s because giving back, sharing and being community developers are part of our core beliefs," said Kip Ritchie, Greenfire’s president.
In May, the Potawatomi community celebrated the renovation of the Wgemas building, 944 N. 33rd St. It is the fifth of six historic renovations on the Wgema ("chief") Campus, which is bordered by West Highland Boulevard and West Kilbourn Avenue on the north and south, and by North 31st and North 33rd streets on the east and west.
Built in 1925, the Wgemas building served as the college’s refectory. Now it houses the Indian Council of the Elderly’s All Nations Senior and Cultural Center, United Indians of Milwaukee and Lisa Kaye Catering.
The Potawatomi historically inhabited land in Milwaukee but were moved to a reservation in Forest County in 1913. The tribe now comprises about 1,400 members, half of whom live on or near the reservation, said Ritchie, a tribal member. Before 1990 and the acquisition of the Milwaukee properties and gaining gaming rights, the tribe "didn’t have any economic activity at all or any hope for any," he said.
With the redevelopment of the Wgema Campus, the tribe has accomplished what it set out to do when it studied the needs of the neighborhood, Ritchie said. It has created a space for businesses, nonprofits and tribal government.
The redevelopment has improved the built environment and the aesthetics of the neighborhood, said Ald. Robert Bauman, an area resident.
In addition, the presence of the private 14-member Wgema Campus Police Department helps neighbors feel secure, said Jeff Martinka, executive director of Neighborhood House of Milwaukee. The agency provides youth development, outdoor and environmental education and programs to help refugees become independent.
Keith Stanley, executive director of Near West Side Partners, said the campus improvements contribute to higher housing values, economic development and safety in the area.
The redevelopment sends "a message that this part of the city is worthy of investment and is a good place to work, do business and hold community events," said Diane De La Santos, executive director of City on a Hill, a faith-based organization that works to reduce poverty through youth education and development, and health and social programs.
Andrea Waxman is a staff reporter at the Milwaukee Neighborhood News Service. A professional writer, she is completing a graduate certificate in Digital Storytelling at Marquette University's Diederich College of Communication. Previously, she worked as a reporter and editor for a community newspaper and taught English and Japanese in several area middle and high schools.
Waxman has lived in Milwaukee since 1981, but spent most of her early years living in Tokyo, where her father was stationed at the American embassy. She returned to Japan in 1986 and again in 1993 when her husband was there as a Fulbright scholar.
In her free time, Waxman enjoys theater, movies, music, ethnic food, cities, travel, reading - especially the news of the day - and all kinds of people. She is interested in working for social justice and contributing to the vitality of the city.